The issued share capital is the sum of a company`s shares held by shareholders. A company may issue new shares at any time, unless a limit is set in the company`s articles. Companies registered prior to October 1, 2009 continue to be subject to an authorized amount of capital, i.e., .dem maximum amount of equity that a company can issue to shareholders until their letters of intent and articles are amended. The model agreement is for start-ups and therefore contains some of the more complex provisions you would see in future growth companies that accept venture capital investments or other forms of investor participation. For example, the agreement does not contain “dilution rights” provisions to protect shareholders from dilution of their stake through subsequent investment cycles and to entail and entail rights related to the sale of shares by majority investors. You may have other specific questions (for example. B IP property) that would reasonably be covered by the shareholders` pact. It could be used by a shareholder who wants to protect his investment, or by a professional advisor such as an accountant or lawyer. Decisions on different topics could vary depending on the importance of each person to each shareholder. They can go so far as to completely separate ownership and control: useful if some shareholders may not have experience or knowledge to enable them to make effective decisions.

For family businesses and businesses in which some shareholders only hold shares as an investment, this ability to separate ownership from governance should be a useful feature. For example, your company may have a particularly charismatic chairman of the board who, although a minority shareholder, has a great influence on directors and tends to impose decisions on important issues. The model agreement is designed as a very fundamental shareholder pact for companies with more than two shareholders. The presentation covers the following key areas, i.e. the areas most frequently covered by shareholder agreements: in the United States, the conditions under which the construction will take place are generally included in the shareholders` pact.